Problem: Jude says Jesus led the Jews out of Egypt
Verses: Jude 1:5;
I mostly mention this one because it's truly fascinating. This is Jude 1:5:
Now I want to remind you, although you once fully knew it, that Jesus, who saved a people out of the land of Egypt
, afterward destroyed those who did not believe. (ESV
Very few Bibles actually give this reading, and instead translate from manuscripts that read:
Now I desire to remind you, though you are fully informed, that the Lord, who once for all saved a people out of the land of Egypt
, afterwards destroyed those who did not believe. (NRSV
The ESV is very brave here. Nevertheless, I here quote Realms of Faith, an inerrantist website:
The difficult issue here is that there is impressive manuscript support for reading Jesus instead of Lord - and great reasons for a scribe to change it. The resulting text has Jesus saving the people from Egypt and then destroying those who rebelled. To date, the NET, ESV, and NLT2 are the only translations to read this way.
It certainly doesn't seem like an error that would be accidentally introduced, given how little sense it seems to make. Rather, it seems like something that would be suppressed, which makes the "manuscript support" all the more remarkable. I file it as Weak anyway, since the Trinity concept allows that Jesus and God are in some sense one. Furthermore, if Jude deliberately wrote this, he must have had his reasons.
Updated: Summer 2008
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